A Look Into Types of Telescopes Part 3

A Look Into Types of Telescopes Part 3

THE CASSEGRAIN TELESCOPE
 
The Cassegrain emerged over time as one of the most popular telescope designs in the world, offering major improvements over original refractor designs. Their sharp, high-contrast images make them a good choice for the intermediate to the more experienced observer. 
Cassegrain Telescope
"How Does This Thing Work?"
 
The Cassegrain is a type of Reflecting Telescope which employs a combination of a primary concave mirror and a secondary convex mirror into its design. 
In the classic Cassegrain Telescope, a parabolic primary mirror has a hole placed in its center.  While this may seem like a strange thing to do, the incoming electromagnetic waves are actually captured by the parabolic mirror’s edges and re-directed to the hyperbolic secondary mirror where they join. 

The light (or wave) is then refocused back towards the hole where it converges to a focal point – the eyepiece. 

Cassegrain Telescope Diagram

This “folding” technique makes for a very compact design which delivers longer focal lengths and permits higher magnification. For example, a typical 8 inch SCT has a tube about 45cm long, which is a third of the length of an 8 inch Dobsonian.

"Why Would I Want One?"

Being excellent for both deep sky and planetary observing and imaging, the Cassegrain Telescope is the definition of "all-purpose". Most of these telescopes come with computerized (GoTo) functionality or motor-driven tracking which is great if you're looking for a telescope that can do it all. Here are two basic types of Cassegrain Telescopes:

Schmidt–Cassegrain (SCT):

The SCT combines a simple spherical mirror with a specially-figured lens at the front of the tube to correct for spherical aberration, with a piece of film placed at the plane. This design is ideal for imaging wide-field views of the sky using either a DSLR or a specialized CCD Camera. 

  • Compact and versatile
  • Very little chromatic aberration
  • Large aperture

Maksutov–Cassegrain (MAK):

Maksutov-Cassegrain Telescopes are much like Schmidt-Cassegrains, however, the corrector lens on a Mak has a simple spherical curve which is easy to manufacture. And the secondary mirror is simply a thin layer of aluminum deposited on the back of the lens. So unlike a Newtonian or Schmidt, a Maksutov-Cassegrain requires no alignment on the secondary.

  • Compact and versatile
  • Very little chromatic aberration
  • Alignment is rarely required

 "Nothing's Perfect so What's the Catch?"

Motorized tracking and GoTo functionality are great features to have for your telescope but they have an added cost. This typically makes them more expensive than other similar telescopes like Newtonian Telescopes. The telescope itself is compact and small but the mounts are normally a bit on the heavy side making them together somewhat more difficult to transport.

Also, because they have closed tubes they take much longer to cool down to ambient temperature.

    "So Basically..."

    Cassegrain Telescopes are wonderful for all-around observing of the Moon, planets, double stars, and narrow-field views of deep-sky objects. In short, observers with a larger budget who still want aperture but who favor portability will find the Cassegrain suitable for their needs!